As we are well into wintry weather for the year, here are some more details about our geothermal heating system.
See the earlier explanatory post about the installation process outside the house here.
Heat from the Earth
In addition to the bore holes and “moat” outside the house, there was also a bit of work inside the house for the changeover to a geothermal heating system. Following the lines from outside, the first step was creating a path for the heating loops into the house.
Here is a picture of the manifold where the lines enter and exit the house.
There are 5 entry lines and 5 exit lines. This covers 5 different heating loops. Each of the 5 heating loops has the cold water leave the house, travel to the bore holes and go down and back up two 75-foot bore holes per loop to absorb heat from the ground and then travel back into the house.
This is the pump unit that circulates the water from inside the house, through the heating loops outside and back into the house to the heat pump.
Long time readers will recall that we installed a geothermal heating system to replace our old heating oil furnace.
Here are a few more details about the geothermal thermal system and the installation process.
A geothermal heating and cooling system is essentially a heat pump system that uses the relatively constant temperature underground to move heat from one place to another. The systems are also sometimes called ground source heat pumps. In the winter, the system pulls heat from the ground and moves it into the house. In the summer, such a system can move heat from the house to the ground. Because our house does not have air ducts and instead relies on baseboard hot water radiators, our system is currently set up only for heating, though the ground loops and the heat pump can be used for cooling in the future if we make a few changes inside the house.
Our system is a closed loop system – meaning water (plus a type of antifreeze) is circulated in a loop of piping from the house to wells underground and then back up to the house to start the loop over.
The loop piping in the backyard before installation.
Our installers used a specialized German drilling rig that can fit in tighter spaces compared to some truck based drilling rigs. It was able to move right into place in the backyard for drilling.
The specialized German drilling rig.
Out in the country, traditional home defense products, like standard alarm systems, aren’t as effective because of the long distance and time before assistance can arrive. So, you have to go back to what worked in simpler times.
After some thought, we decided to build a moat around the house. Here are some pictures of the preparations for the moat going about 1/3 of the way around the house. It is approximately 10 feet wide and about 6 feet deep.
A view of the moat in progress.
Another view of the moat.
Another view of the moat with the backhoe.
Click through for more information about the moat.